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Tuesday, January 22, 2019

How to undo a Git commit that was not pushed

To undo a Git commit that was not pushed, you are given a few major options:

Method 1:
Undo the commit but keep all changes staged
git reset --soft HEAD~; 

Method 2:
Undo the commit and unstage the changes
git reset HEAD~; 
or 1 git reset --mixed HEAD~; 

Method 3:
Undo the commit and lose all changes
git reset --hard HEAD~;

Method 4:
In case you just want to rewrite the commit message, you could use:
git –amend instead.

eg: git commit --amend -m "an updated commit message"

However if you only want to undo Last Git Commit

Then easiest way to undo the last Git commit is 
$ git reset --soft HEAD~1

I will add following more helpful commands to check commit history, go back to a commit, and remove commits etc:
  1. git log
  2. git log --oneline to simplify the output:
  3. To test a specific commit: git checkout . You will be in 'detached HEAD' state. You can look around, make experimental changes and commit them, even create a new branch from here using git checkout -b new_branch_name
  4. To fix the detached head issue: git checkout
  5. Undo this commit: git revert . This will create another commit operation in github

Free Additional Tip:
To Undo a git add i.e. remove files staged for a git commit
1. git reset filename.txt OR
2. git reset *
After this you can add again the required files

Cheers :)
-Anwar Jamal Faiz

Read some of my other posts related to Git tricks below :


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